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WORLD THALASSEMIA DAY

World Thalassemia Day is observed to be celebrated around the globe, every year on 8th May. This day is celebrated to increase awareness among the whole population about this disease. It was World Health Organization who had started this initiative to celebrate the World Thalassemia Day around the world. The main of this event is to increase awareness about this disease, measures needed to be taken to prevent this disease and measures needed to be taken to avoid transmission of this disease.

The statistics say that around 19% of the total population is a Thalassemia patient and is believed to carry the disease in the Saudi Arabia Kingdom. Therefore World Thalassemia Day is celebrated on a large scale in Saudi Arabia. In this event preventive programs are organized and also the population is encouraged to get pre-marriage test to prevent genetic problems.
When the whole World is talking about the World Thalassemia Day that will be celebrated around the world on 8th of May, 2018 (Tuesday), it is necessary to have a sneak on what Thalassemia is and its other aspects. It is a small initiative from www.doctorsgallery.com to make our readers aware of Thalassemia and its other aspects. We have interviewed different doctors and researched to let our followers get the best knowledge about Thalassemia and its different aspects on World Thalassemia Day.

What is Thalassemia?
Thalassemia is an autosomal recessive blood disorder which get inherited from parents to the children through genes. According to some of the doctors, it is known to be a blood disorder that causes destruction and weakening of the red blood cells. Some doctors have also said that this disease affects the formation of hemoglobin in the body and causes severe or mild anemia. Some of the symptoms of Thalassemia are bone deformities, iron overload, cardiovascular illnesses, and heart palpitations, enlarged liver, jaundice, enlarged spleen, enlarged bones of cheeks or forehead, delayed puberty and etc.

Who are mostly affected by Thalassemia?
Thalassemia is mostly seen among children of one or two years. As per the statistics around 7000 to 10,000 children are found to be born with Thalassemia every year in India. There are different types of Thalassemia depending on the blood cells and abnormality of hemoglobin production. To study different types of Thalassemia in-depth research and thorough study is required.

How can it be prevented?
According to some of the doctors, people who are thinking of getting pregnant needs to be tested as Thalassemia is a genetically inherited disease. Before giving birth to a baby, it is advised to get diagnosed in a clinic to ensure that the new life that is going to see the light on Earth is not going to be affected by Thalassemia.

How can this be treated?
There are different methods that are used depending on the seriousness of the disease. The methods that are widely seen in curing Thalassemia are:
Blood Transfusion
It is known that Thalassemia cannot be fully treated but can be lessened. Blood Transfusion is one of the effective techniques that is used to treat patients with severe Thalassemia. This treatment helps the patient live a prolonged life.
Medication
Multiple Blood Transfusion sometimes causes an overload of iron. To treat iron overload chelation therapy is done with medications such as deferoxamine, deferiprone, or deferasirox.
Bone Marrow Transplant
Bone marrow transplantation may offer the possibility of a cure in young people who have an HLA-matched donor. Success rates have been in the 80–90% range. Mortality from the procedure is about 3%.
It is known to all of about the saying that, prevention is better than cure. To cure Thalassemia we must all look forward to preventing Thalassemia. Informing people about the preventive methods of Thalassemia is one of the main objectives of celebrating this day. Join the movement and celebrate 8th May as the World Thalassemia Day and help in making the world a free from Thalassemia World.