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Gum Diseases Types

Gum disease or also known as “periodontal disease” is a serious bacterial infection that damages the attachment fibers and the supporting bone that holds the teeth in the mouth. Periodontal disease (the word “periodontal” as a mater of fact means “around the tooth”) if left untreated can lead to tooth loss or can lead to heart problems like artery blockage or stroke. Periodontal disease has many forms. Listed below are the types of gum diseases:
Gingivitis
Gingivitis is the type of gum disease that is on its early stage. Gingivitis is frequently caused by poor oral hygiene which eventually will lead to the build up of plaque and tartar. Gingivitis, if diagnosed early, can be treated and reversed. Red, swollen and puffy gums are indications of gingivitis. A lot of factors contribute to this type of gum disease. Diabetes, smoking, aging, genetic predisposition, stress, poor nutrition, hormonal fluctuations and certain medications are just a few of the factors. If gingivitis is left untreated it will lead to other types of gum disease that is on the advanced stage.
Aggressive Periodontitis
Aggressive periodontitis is one of the types of gum disease that experience painless gingival inflammation and damage of the bone around the teeth. Others tend to consider the painless bleeding of the gums after cleaning the teeth as insignificant. This is considered one of the indications of this type of gum disease.
Chronic Periodontitis
Chronic Periodontitis is one of the types of gum disease that results in the inflammation within the attachment fibers and supporting bone damage. It is characterized by pocket formation or recession of the gums. Chronic Periodontitis is the most common types of gum disease. This type of gum disease is common among adults but it can also occur at any age. The progress of the attachment loss of this type of gum disease is commonly slow but episodes of swift progressions may tend to come about.
Periodontitis as a Manifestation of Systemic Disease
This is one of the types of gum disease that frequently occurs to individuals at young age. Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease is frequently associated with other type of systemic diseases like diabetes.
Necrotizing Periodontal Diseases
Necrotizing periodontal disease is an infection that is distinguished by necrosis of gum tissues, periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone. These injuries are frequently detected in individuals with systemic conditions as well as, but not limited to HIV infections, malnutrition and immunosuppressions.

Despite the fact that some gum diseases can be very serious, it can be prevented by regular check ups. Regular dental check ups is one of the essential factor in the early detection of gum diseases and other serious dental problems that can be fatal.
There are countless bacteria living in our mouths - some are harmless and in fact necessary to aid digestion while others are destructive to the gums and teeth. These harmful bacteria is found in plaque - the main culprit of both tooth and gum disease. 
Plaque is a filmy substance made up mostly of bacteria that layers the teeth. When bacteria in plaque mix with sugar and starch from the food we eat, it releases acid that break down tooth enamel causing cavities and eventually tooth decay and tooth loss. 

Bacterial plaque also leads to irritation and swelling of gums known as gingivitis. If this condition is not treated, it advances to severe gum disease called periodontitis.
Periodontitis targets the bones and tissues around the tooth, which may also end in tooth loss. 
Some of the symptoms of tooth and gum disease are tooth sensitivity, persistent bad breath, and swollen or bleeding gums. Sometimes, gum disease develops with no obvious symptoms and pain. In addition, plaque is not easily visible to the naked eye. All these explain why many people are oblivious of their condition.  This makes regular dental checkups all the more important in order to detect tooth and gum disease as early as possible.

Other factors that potentially lead to tooth and gum disease are smoking and stress, which both decrease a person’s resistance to infections; teeth grinding; some medications that alter chemistry in the mouth; illnesses that weaken the immune system; changes in hormones such as during puberty or pregnancy that increases sensitivity of gums; and lack of nutrients in the diet. 
Neglect of oral hygiene is an underlying cause of tooth and gum disease. Plaque and tartar builds up in the teeth and gums because of improper or lack of cleaning. In effect, all it really takes to prevent tooth and gum disease is proper dental care. In other words, brush your teeth and floss. You should brush your teeth after every meal or at least twice every day in the morning and evening combined with daily flossing to clean hard-to-reach surfaces of the teeth. 

Tooth and gum disease not only affects your appearance but your overall health as well. For instance, some studies show how severe gum disease may increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes. By following a precise daily routine of caring for your gums and teeth, you can protect yourself well from tooth and gum disease and its effects.  

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